Data Modeling in TerminusDB
How to model data in TermiusDB & TerminusX

Visual data modeling using the dashboard

Use the Data Product Model view of the TerminusDB dashboard to visually build simple or complex data models. The diagrams further below illustrate two possible implementations of the organization model introduced in the previous section. In addition to visually building models, the dashboard enables:
  • Flexible relationships between elements such as documents and sub-documents, and classes and sub-classes.
  • Enumeration objects related to document elements.
  • A comprehensive set of properties (XSD data types) for elements.
  • JSON views of product models and properties.

A simple document model

The diagram below illustrates an implementation of the organization model using a simple document structure. The enumeration objects hold status values applicable to projects and tasks.
Documents and elements are identical.

Diagram: The organization model using documents

A class-based document model

The diagram below illustrates a more intuitive implementation of the organization model using documents and sub-documents, or classes or sub-classes. This approach enables sub-documents to inherit the properties of the parent document - similar to inheritance in Object-Oriented Programming. See Data modeling using JSON for more information.

Diagram: The organization model using classes and sub-classes

Data modeling using JSON

TerminusDB supports the creation of data models using JavaScript Object Notation (JSON.) TerminusDB also generates JSON for models created visually using the dashboard.

Class hierarchies

JSON supports the definition of classes and subclasses. Classes define types of complex data structures. Sub-classes inherit all parent data type definitions. Examples below.
Class
"@type": "Class",
"@id": "organization",
Subclass
"@type": "Class",
"@id": "team",
"@inherits": "organization",
Properties for team
"name": "xsd:string",
"desc": "xsd:string",
"cost_code": "xsd:integer",
"location": "xdd:coordinate",
"setup_dt": "xsd:dateTime"
JSON for the organization model
[
{
"@base": "terminusdb:///data/",
"@schema": "terminusdb:///schema#",
"@type": "@context"
},
{
"@id": "project-status",
"@type": "Enum",
"@value": [
"in-progress",
"on-hold",
"completed"
]
},
{
"@id": "project",
"@inherits": "organization",
"@key": {
"@type": "Random"
},
"@type": "Class"
},
{
"@id": "organization",
"@key": {
"@type": "Random"
},
"@type": "Class"
},
{
"@id": "team",
"@inherits": "organization",
"@key": {
"@type": "Random"
},
"@type": "Class"
},
{
"@id": "task",
"@inherits": "project",
"@key": {
"@type": "Random"
},
"@type": "Class"
},
{
"@id": "task-status",
"@type": "Enum",
"@value": [
"in-progress",
"on-hold",
"completed"
]
},
{
"@id": "employee",
"@inherits": "team",
"@key": {
"@type": "Random"
},
"@type": "Class"
}
]
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On this page
Visual data modeling using the dashboard
A simple document model
A class-based document model
Data modeling using JSON
Class hierarchies